Copper Domes Cones Caps Metal Fabrication Design
Custom Copper Fabrication & Restoration
C.A.S.S. Sheetmetal - Detroit, MI
A Historic National Landmark is Restored!
Cranbrook Observatory Tower Dome Restoration
Bloomfield Hills, MI.
Gleaming Historic Copper Cupola
Delivered in Record Time!
Working with a daunting schedule, CASS Sheetmetal custom fabricated and installed a shiny new, historically accurate copper cupola on top of the Cranbrook Observatory Tower, a national historic landmark in Bloomfield Hills, MI.
“This was an extreme task that involved much cooperation and effort between our subcontractors and the trades,” said Glenn Parvin, CASS Sheetmetal president. “we kept to a tight schedule.” The company’s challenge was to complete and install the dome in two months working around the community’s summer calendar.
The work was part of a combined project to rebuild the tower’s deteriorating copper cupola and to restore the Ludowici clay tile roof of the Cranbrook Library, both part of the venerable Cranbrook Educational Community. The tower was built in the 1920’s and originally served as a functioning observatory. The years and weather had taken their toll on the structure. Its existing copper cladding, which was simply riveted to the structural steel, had leaked for years..
A Church Copper Roofing Stairway to Heaven!
Church Copper Roof Replacement
Saint Paul Tarsus Catholic Church
Clinton Township, MI.
CASS Sheetmetal Specialists - Detroit, MI
Builds Divinely Designed Copper Church Roof
Thanks to work by CASS Sheetmetal of Detroit, MI, the congregation of St. Paul of Tarsus Catholic Church in Clinton Township, MI can worship in a building with a magnificent non leaking new copper roof.
The church’s striking roof, described as a stairway to heaven in one magazine article, is a wavy structure with the curves flowing from the top central roof ridge. The overall design looks like a bell, but the wavy roof also suggests stairs, wings or water. In fact, the church’s design was meant to inspire visions of searching and movement through the life of St. Paul and current parishioners.
The new roof was the answer to a problem of water leaks that had plagued the church for years. The old roof system, installed in the 1980’s allowed rain and snow water to enter the building. The project presented challenges to CASS Sheetmetal and the church. Adding to complications of the specialty sheetmetal work, the church remained open with services every week while the project ran uninterrupted through one of Michigan’s worst winters in recent history. The leaky roof was replaced with the most watertight copper roofing system available. The replacement was double-locked with solder traverse seams!
Building a Stairway to Heaven – Spectacular Copper Roof on Landmark Church (Read the full story)
Rounding a curve of Romeo Plank Road in Clinton Township brings into view one of the most inspired and unconventional roof-lines in Michigan. The roof of St. Paul of Tarsus Catholic Church undulates like a waterslide cascading in serpentine ribbons of copper from both sides of a central ridge. This series of concave and convex curves yield an overall shape similar to a bell. The portion of roof over the former apse (the interior space housing the altar) forms an almost three-dimensional bell of copper with the same sinuous line as the rest of this remarkable roof.
There was only one flaw in this heavenly canopy of copper, the roof leaked miserably since its installation in the 1980s. The parish endured the leaks with the long-suffering patience of job until sufficient funds were available for renovation ob both the roof and the church interior. For this desperately needed renovation, the parish placed its faith in Constantine George Pappas, AIA Architecture/Planning, Troy as architect and Campbell/Manix, Inc. Southfield, as general contractor. The project team brought Detroit-based Custom Architectural Sheet Metal Specialists (C.A.S.S.) an experienced sheet metal contractor well schooled in the copper craft, into the fold as both roofing and demolition contractor. C.A.S.S.’s contract also encompassed roof protection, temporary roofing, wood decking and single-ply roofing.
“We were awarded the contract after a daunting pre-award review of the completeness and qualifications that C.A.S.S. brought to the table on this difficult project,” said Glenn E. Parvin, C.A.S.S. president. Having prepared a proposal three ago, C.A.S.S. aced the final “job interview” with the help of a specially constructed mock-up of the roof’s finicky center panel. C.A./S.S. built the mock-up panel in its shop, placed it in the back of a pickup truck and delivered it to the future jobsite as part of a presentation explaining the old world craftsmanship needed to truly save the ailing roof. The mock-up clearly showed the difference between the existing copper roof and the proposed approach.
The Devil is in the Details
The existing copper roof was a classic case of the wrong system installed in the wrong place, coupled with poor flashing details across the board and on two 70-foot-tall towers rising from the church interior and projecting through the roof. “It was a snap-on standing seam panel system that is made for decoration only,” said Parvin. “It is only supposed to be used on a mansard storefront type of application. As the most inexpensive type of panel system in the prefinished market, it’s not to be used with copper.” In this system, a seam cap – separate from the overall panel – is merely snapped over the vertical “legs” of two abutting panels. Water flowing down the serpentine roof would then migrate into the seam capos.
This inappropriate system installed on the complicated curvature of the roof created the perfect storm. Rainwater and snow melt would pool in the center swale of this undulating roof, flooding both the seam caps flowing down the roof and what is called head laps or traverse seams flowing across the expanse. The traverse seams link the three panels needed to form each 45-foot-long ribbon of copper flowing from the roof ridge to the eave. Established roofing industry guidelines dictate the proper location of head laps or praverse seams. “in this case, the head laps needed to be placed in a 6:12 slope (6 inches of rise to 12 inches of run),” said Parvin. “the head laps in the original roof were installed in essentially a flat area where water collects.” The unfortunate end result was a roof with seams leaking both down and across the beautiful but poorly crafted expanse of copper panels.
C.A.S.S. replaced this leaky sieve of a roof with the most watertight copper roofing system available: a well-crafted, double-locked standing seam roof with soldered traverse seams. The mock-up of the problematic central panel displayed the handiwork of this skilled company. Using sheet metal tooling the shop, the experienced crew of C.A.S.S. hand tooled the panels, stretching and shrinking the malleable copper to follow the sinuous contour of the wood deck. “We tooled the panel to make sinuous contour of the wood deck. “We tooled the panel to make it curve and to make sure the head laps were in the 6:12 location of the roof,” said Parvin. “The next step is profiling the seams. We basically hand tooled all the panel seams.”
Foiling the Copper Thieves
C.A.S.S. not only obtained the contract for roof renovation but the demolition contract for the entire interior, as well. The complex nature of the project compelled C.A.S.S. to request an expansion of its scope of work beyond the copper roofing trade. C.A.S.S. asked to assume responsibility for demolishing the two towers down to the roof, removal of the skylight forming the ridge of the roof, and providing temporary cover for the skylight and exposed gaps in the deck. “We believed coordination and responsibility issues could be complicated in terms of temporary weather protection in terms of infilling the gaps of the wood decking after tower removal.” said Parvin.
The removal and replacement of existing electrical and fire suppression systems added another layer of complexity to the job. “Who would handle the de3ck repairs necessary at the approximately 100 electrical boxes being removed and infilled with exposed finished wood decking?” said Parvin.
For efficiency and better control, Campbell/Manix then turned over the entire tower and interior demolition to C.A.S.S. “This was a first for C.A.S.S.,” said Parvin. “We demolished two existing canopies and the two 70-foot towers from above the roof to the concrete interior floors. We saw cut the concrete floors, removed the carpet, and demolished the altar. We also removed the existing electrical systems and infilled the decking at the locations of the removed lights.”
With the aid of Connelly Crane Rental Corp., Detroit/Redford and Holt/Lansing, C.A.S.S. began tower demolition in late October 2007. Parvin and John Martin, C.A.S.S. foreman, met with Denny Connelly of Connelly Crane to plan and execute the demolition. “Demolition of the towers took two days and the wood decking infill another two days,” said Parvin.
In tearing off the old copper roof, C.A.S.S. worked with Campbell/Manix in selecting a recycling company, H&H Metals, Inkster, MI, to recycle approximately 20,000 lbs. of the old copper. “Approximately $35,000 to $50,000 in recycled copper was returned to the parish,” said Parvin. “As a theft-prevention strategy, H&H Metals used a locked dumpster with a thousand pound lid that could only be lifted with big equipment. Plus, the copper was removed on a weekly basis. All in all, H&H Metals had the best game plan to keep the copper secured.
C.A.S.S. also partnered with George I. Landry, Inc., a Milford-based carpentry contractor selected by Campbell/Manix, Inc., to build a carpentry roof structure over the existing deck. “The structure is a new 2×8 wood framing and plywood lattice system designed to encapsulate new electrical and sprinkler systems, as well as house a foamed-in-place insulation system,” said Parvin. “Placed over the lattice system, the new wood deck consists of two layers of 3/8″ plywood staggered, glued and screwed to form the new curved roof system.”
The Art of the Copper Craft
Meanwhile back in the Detroit shop, C.A.S.S. built a wood structure following the complete profile of the undulating, laminated timber roof. “We made three wood panels in the shop matching the full length of the 42-foot-long roof profile.” said Parvin. “We actually built a custom jig emulating the profile of the complicated center panel. It was all about lining up the traverse seam in what would be considered the safe zone of 6:12 or greater. We have a curved wood structure just like a pine wood derby track sitting in our shop, measuring 14-foot long and 2-foot wide and created to allow us to make the copper panels fit.”
Skilled C.A.S.S. craftsmen, headed by shop foreman Rick Mark, hand tooled the panels and seams and finally shipped the carefully crafted work of their hands to the job site and up to the rooftop where on a bone-chilling morning in February sheet metal workers from Local 80 were busy anchoring the panels with stainless steel slider clips. “Its a long process,” said Parvin. “The last step is to seam the panel. We formed and hammered a double lock standing seam – a five ply seam – to create a watertight metal roof system with the same details of Old World craftsmanship as those used on traditional copper domes and large copper roofs.” Altogether, C.A.S.S. installed approximately 20,000 lbs. of copper over the 12,500-square-foot roof.
Bright streams of newly minted and hand tooled copper now brighten the church roof, its fresh copper skin beaming across the expanse of a snowy field and visually warming the cold air with its metallic glow. Parvin anticipates the entire roof will be completed in spring 2008. The most difficult portion – the former apse – will soon be underway. “The three-dimensional bell is segmented all the way around and will require custom tapered panels,” said Parvin. Redeemed from an ailing roof, the St. Paul of Tarsus parish plans an expansion on its current site in the near future.
Article featured in CAM Magazine – MAY 2008
Church Custom Copper Domes & Roofing Project
Saint George Greek Orthodox Church – Troy, MI
Custom Copper Domes fabricated by CASS Sheetmetal
CASS Sheetmetal fabricates over 20,000 pounds
of 16 ounce Copper Standing Seam Domes
and 7,000 sq. ft. of Copper Shingles.
Main Dome is 62 feet high and 120 feet in circumference.
Standing Seam Copper Domes &
Copper Shingles Roofing
Beautified with Standing Seam Copper Domes & Copper Shingles Roofing industry naysayers are claiming that architectural sheetmetal roofing is a dying art because skilled artisans are retiring and not being replaced by workers with like abilities.
We are happy to report that in Detroit, MI, Custom Architectural Sheet Metal Specialists, Inc. headed by company President and Owner, Glenn Parvin, who has over 30 years of field experience in all facets of roofing and sheet metal work, is well qualified to provide architectural sheetmetal custom fabrication and installation for the construction industry.
CASS Sheetmetal was selected for applying copper roofing on St. George Greek Orthodox Church in Troy, MI. When the building committee of the Saint George Greek Orthodox Church, Troy, MI, selected John Loizon Associates, Birmingham, MI, as the architect, and the George Auch Company, Pontiac, MI, as the general contractor. Al Whiting, project manager for the George Auch, Co., selected CASS Sheetmetal to fabricate and apply the copper roofing system because CASS Sheetmetal had earned a reputation in the Detroit metropolitan area as one of the top quality sheetmetal contractors. Copper Domes Cones Caps Metal Fabrication Design
Saint George Greek Orthodox Church – Troy, MI (Read the Full Story -See photos above)
Double-Lock Standing Seam Roof Selected a Church Roof Design
Basically, the design of the church featured a main dome which was 62 feet high and has a circumference of 120 feet. In addition, there were three domes 9 feet in diameter, two 10 feet in diameter and two 12 feet diameter domes. Each dome was sheathed with a double-lock standing seam copper roof fabricated from 16 ounce architectural copper. CASS Sheetmetal selected copper produced by Revere Copper, Rome, NY and supplied by K-Metals, Livonia, MI.
Quantities of Copper required for St. George Greek Orthodox Church Dome Roofing Project Over 20,000 pounds of Revere 16 ounce copper was used in the application of approximately 5,200 sq. ft. of double-lock standing seam copper roofing installed on the main dome and wings, as well as 700 sq. ft of flush seam copper wall panels. Due to the shape of the panels required to properly contour to a dome, standard equipment was unusable. The panels were hand cut with a Uni-shear, hand folded to form roofing pans and hand seamed in the field, a very labor intensive process. There were no seams which were notched and soldered. Instead, they were field stretched to keep the continuity of the double lock seam’s integrity. The copper panels were installed over a wooden deck which had an under layment of ice and water shield over which was laid a sheet of rosin paper used as a slip sheet.
Domes are CASS Sheetmetal shop fabricated and erected on the roof of the church with regards to the erection of the seven accent domes that were designed to top the stair towers and main entrance canopy. CASS Sheetmetal needed to make a decision. Since the installation of scaffolding on the 40-foot stair towers would go beyond what was already necessary on the main dome, construction costs would have escalated. CASS Sheetmetal solved this problem by prefabbing the domes in its own shop in halves, then shipping them to the job site on trailers to be hoisted with a crane and mounted onto the towers. Since the small domes protected the stair towers, CASS Sheetmetal chose to develop a system of rolled steel, plywood and snap-on standing seam copper panels. Having control of design, frame construction and copper installation allowed CASS Sheetmetal the freedom to create units which were symmetrically correct. Old/New Revere Copper Shingles where selected for church roof section. The architect, John Loizon, desired a different look for the gable sections of the roof area.
Project manager, Greg Gietek, while researching a variety of copper type shingles. came upon Revere Copper’s re-introduced copper shingle. Copper shingles were installed per Revere specifications using copper ring shank nails, 8 per 48″ x 9 1/2″ copper panel shingle. At all saddle areas where copper shingles were installed, ice and water shield paper was first installed, then followed with a flat seam soldered dock. The shingles were then soldered to prevent ice damage and water back-up. Initially, there was a concern about the long term watertightness of the copper shingles, but was assured by Revere’s technical department that several installations along the East Coast are upwards of 20 years old without failure. Upon installing the shingles it was decided it is indeed a well engineered shingle product when installed according to specification with proper flashing details.
Architect Provided Stainless Crosses for Top of Domes
The architect John Loizon furnished eight crosses for installation on top of the copper domes. The arms of the main cross were 6″ x 6″ square. This cross stood 42″ high and 30″ wide. It was fabricated of brushed stainless steel and welded watertight. CASS Sheetmetal mounted the cross on the top of the dome with four stainless steel bolts, then a copper clone-type flashing was soldered to the cross base and the copper deck beneath. Rain Drainage of Domes Provided Fears of Staining Base Materials The drainage of rain from the main dome and the smaller accent domes was a matter of concern because the base materials, as can be seen on the accompanying photographs, were light colored block and EIFS materials.
On the main dome CASS Sheetmetal worked with the general contractor to re-detail and push back the glass and stud wall system as much as possible, thereby allowing water to run off and not drain directly onto the EIFS finish beneath. The walls of the wings were originally specified to be block or EIFS, however, this covering was changed to copper since a gutter system on the wing was undesirable. The two larger accent domes were redesigned slightly smaller to drain into the flat seam copper gutter system within the tower.
The other two towers have domes sitting directly on flat seam copper roof with a pre-finished white gutter system at its perimeter. While the effects and changes may not eliminate future staining, they will greatly reduce the magnitude. Vital Pre-Installation took place before Copper Panels were Installed The details for the copper domes, gutters and other roofing were developed by the architect and CASS Sheetmetal based upon sheetmetal experiences, problem solving, and information provided in Revere’s Copper’s “Copper & Common Sense” book and SMACNA’s Architectural Sheetmetal Manual.
Several unique ideas in design and arterial selections were provided by CASS Sheetmetal which were implemented in the final project which served to meet the architect’s vision while keeping the project within budget, which is always a primary concern. CASS Sheetmetal is a member of SMACNA and the National Roofing Contractors Association (NRCA). “It should be noted that before an ounce of copper was installed, countless man hours were spent developing the concept of the prefab domes and building the special ladders, safety systems and custom tools necessary to complete a project like this. Copper Domes Cones Caps Metal Fabrication Design